Understanding pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes will help you make the lifestyle adjustments necessary to prevent or manage these serious health conditions.
Prediabetes is a condition that results when the body does not process insulin properly and can’t regulate blood sugar levels. In this stage, the amount of glucose in the blood stream is higher than normal, but it’s not quite high enough to be classified as type 2 diabetes.
People who are overweight, don’t exercise, or have a family history if type 2 diabetes are most at-risk of developing prediabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
This form of diabetes occurs when your body’s cells don’t properly react to insulin. As a result, your cells don’t absorb glucose properly and sugar begins to buildup in your blood stream.
Type 2 diabetes can contribute to other major health issues including vision loss, heart disease and kidney disease.
Having a family history of type 2 diabetes is a common risk factor, but this condition is most often caused by lifestyle factors, including poor diet and lack of exercise.
Prevention and Management
The best way to prevent prediabetes and type 2 diabetes is to exercise regularly and make healthy dietary choices.
These simple lifestyle changes will have a big impact on your overall health.
- Going for a brisk walk 30 minutes a day, five days a week
- Developing a healthier diet, consisting of more fruits and vegetables
- Working with a physical trainer
- Joining a support group with people who have the same goal
If you have one or more risk factors, talk with your physician about a blood sugar screening test at your next appointment.