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It is the leading cause of kidney disease, blindness, and amputation, yet nearly 25% of people who have it don't even know it. Chances are that you or someone you love has been affected by diabetes in some way. Even if you haven't been affected by diabetes, you need to know that diabetes is the biggest public health crisis of the 21st century, and it continues to grow in epidemic proportions. Nearly 29 million children and adults in the United States have diabetes. The death rate for diabetes has continued to grow since 1987, contributing to two top causes of death, heart disease and stroke.
Diabetes means that your blood sugar is too high. Your blood always has some sugar in it because the body uses sugar for energy. It's the fuel that keeps you going, but too much sugar in the blood is not good for your health.
Your body changes most of the food you eat into sugar. Your blood takes the sugar to the cells throughout your body. The sugar needs insulin to get into the body's cells. Insulin is a hormone made in the pancreas, an organ near the stomach. The pancreas releases insulin into the blood. Insulin helps the sugar from food get into body cells. If your body does not make enough insulin or the insulin does not work right, the sugar can't get into the cells, so it stays in the blood. This makes your blood sugar level high, causing you to have diabetes.
Pre-diabetes means your blood sugar is higher than normal, but lowers than the diabetes range. It also means you are at risk for getting type 2 diabetes and heart disease. The good news is you can reduce the risk of getting diabetes and even return to normal blood sugar levels with modest weight loss and moderate physical activity.
There are two main types of diabetes that occur in both men and women of all ages and races. Type 1 diabetes is commonly diagnosed in children and young adults, but it's a lifelong condition. If you have this type of diabetes, your body does not make insulin, so you must take insulin every day. Treatment for type 1 diabetes includes the administration of insulin, eating healthy, exercising regularly, and controlling blood pressure and cholesterol.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes – about 9 out of 10 people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. You can get type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. In type 2 diabetes, your body makes insulin, but the insulin can't do its job, so sugar is not getting into the cells. Treatment includes taking medicine, eating healthy, exercising regularly, and controlling blood pressure and cholesterol. You're at an increased risk for developing pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes if you:
The exact causes of both types of diabetes are still not known. Type 1 diabetes tends to show up after a person is exposed to a trigger, such as a virus, which can start an attack on the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. There is no one cause for type 2 diabetes, but it seems to run in families, and most people who get type 2 diabetes are overweight.
It's important to note that there is no cure for diabetes at this time. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is doing research in hopes of finding cures for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Many different approaches to curing diabetes are being studied, and researches are making progress.
"According to the Community Health Needs Assessment for Guernsey County, completed in July 2013," states Cindy Fisher, RN, CDE, "nutrition, obesity and physical activity as well as heart disease and stroke are within the top six health conditions to be focused on within our community. Although diabetes was not listed within the top 6, it can be a result of obesity/decreased physical activity and can contribute to heart disease and stroke." Chris Veselenak, RN, CDE adds, "By improving your blood sugar and A1c levels, you can decrease the risk of developing the devastating effects of diabetes such as blindness, kidney disease, heart disease and amputations."
If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, you may benefit from participating in Southeastern Med's Outpatient Diabetes Education Program. The program consists of a comprehensive healthcare team coordinated by Cindy Fisher, RN, CDE (Registered Nurse, Certified Diabetes Educator) and Julie Beck, RD, LD (Registered/Licensed Dietitian). After scheduling an appointment, you will meet privately with a registered dietitian or diabetes educator who will provide education about diet, meter usage, and insulin, if necessary. You will attend group education classes and have the option of participating in a supervised exercise program.
The Group Lifestyle Balance Program is also available to those who have pre-diabetes and/or are overweight to prevent the onset of diabetes. To learn more about Southeastern Med's Diabetes Self-Management Program, Group Lifestyle Balance, support groups, or in-house services, call 740-435-2946.
Also check out the American Diabetes Association website for this year's theme: "America Gets Cooking to Stop Diabetes"! Choosing a healthy, active lifestyle is one of the most important things you can do to manage or prevent diabetes. Get tips for cooking nutritious and delicious food, and for being more active, from the American Diabetes Association at http://diabetesforecast.org/adm.
VERILAST knee technology outperforms traditional replacement implants
Traditional knee replacements can last for 10 to 15 years under normal use conditions, but the implant can break down over time, meaning patients will require a second surgery to maintain their comfort and mobility.
As an increasing number of young, active patients are experiencing the need for knee replacement, we looked for knee replacement technology engineered for endurance. We found the LEGION™ Cruciate Retaining Knee made with VERILAST™ Knee Technology – a high-performance knee replacement tested to simulate 30 years of activity.
In rigorous lab testing, the LEGION™ knee replacement device took 45 million steps to simulate 30 years of movement. After five million steps, it experienced only two percent of the wear a traditional knee replacement would experience in about three years' time. In 30 years of simulated activity, it outperformed traditional knee replacements by 81%.
If you're considering a total knee replacement, talk to your physician about the LEGION™ Cruciate Retaining Knee made with VERILAST™ Knee Technology to see if it's right for you.
Through generous donations, Southeastern Med's Cardiac Rehab Department recently purchased a new upper arm bicycle for patient use. In the past, donated monies have been used to purchase educational materials as well as other fitness equipment such as a seated rower, a BioStep and a NuStep machine. Cardiac and Pulmonary Rehab donations directly help individuals in our community by improving their health through education and exercise.
The Cardiac and Pulmonary Rehabilitation programs serve people recovering from a serious cardiac disease or are living with a chronic respiratory disorder. The staff individually designs the patient's program to meet their needs. "We have an awesome staff and they are very dedicated to provide the best care they can for each patient. Many people come in as a patient, but leave as a friend," states Dominic Crock, the Department Director. Typically, those experiencing cardiac and pulmonary problems begin the program through a physician referral, but to find out more information, please call (740) 439-8297.
Any group or individual wishing to make a tax-deductible donation to Southeastern Med's Family of Friends Guernsey Health Foundation may specify which department within the medical center for which they want the funds to be used. For more donation information please contact Jeannie Wilson, Southeastern Med's Director of Marketing, by calling (740) 439-8188.
Diabetes affects nearly 29 million Americans and an estimated 86 million people are at risk for developing the disease. According to the 2011 statistics from the Center for Disease Control, diabetes affects 13.3 percent of the Guernsey County population.
On Monday, November 3rd, Southeastern Med's Dining with a Doc program will host a presentation highlighting diabetes, obesity and heart disease. John Caffaratti, MD, Cardiology Consultants will be speaking at Southeastern Med's cafeteria, located at 1341 Clark St., in Cambridge. Dinner will begin at 6 pm followed by the presentation at 6:30 pm.
"In response to our Community Health Needs Assessment, nutrition, obesity, and physical activity (as well as heart disease and stroke) are within the top six health conditions to be focused on in our community. Diabetes can be a result of obesity/decreased physical activity and can contribute to heart disease and stroke", explained Cindy Fisher, RN, CDE at Southeastern Med. " Sometimes just making small changes in your diet and exercise routines can add up to big results in avoiding the devastating complications of diabetes," said Chris Veselenak, RN, CDE at Southeastern Med.
Registration for Dining with a Doc is required by Oct. 27. Seating is limited. For more information or to register, please call Southeastern Med's Wellness Resources Department at 740-435-2900.
The Guernsey County Colorectal Task Force was recently named second runner-up in the 2014 Blue Star Challenge by the American Cancer Society’s National Colorectal Cancer Roundtable (NCCRT).
The Blue Star Challenge recognizes organizations that raise awareness of colorectal cancer through their educational, inspirational and creative uses of the Blue Star icon.
Colorectal cancer is a preventable, treatable, beatable cancer. Southeastern Med is committed to eliminating colorectal cancer in our community.
We received a $1,000 charitable award from the NCCRT, which we’ll use to raise awareness about colorectal cancer and encourage the people of Guernsey County to get an annual screening.